There are many people in Chandler, Arizona who are fighting heroin addiction, but treatment is available to help them recover. The 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health shows that 745,000 people used heroin at some point during 2019 across the United States. This drug has been a big part of the opioid crisis that is happening in the United States.
Heroin is highly addictive; it may not take long for this substance to have a major negative impact on someone’s life. Attending a Chandler heroin rehab facility to get help can allow a person to refocus and break free from that addiction. In fact, getting professional treatment is often someone’s best chance to get sober.
Heroin Use in Chandler, Arizona
Chandler is part of Maricopa County. Maricopa County is the United States’ fourth-most populous county. More than half of Arizona resides in this county. The Arizona Department of Health Services lists all hospitalizations and emergency room visits caused by drug use for each county. This includes data for all age groups.
- In 2018 there were 12,278 hospitalizations from opiate use, including heroin, in Maricopa County
- In 2018 there were 7,159 emergency room visits because of opiate use, including heroin, in Maricopa County
- There were 898 deaths from opiate use between October 2018 and September 2019.
The History of Heroin
Morphine is the base for all opioids, including prescription painkillers prescribed today. An English chemist refined heroin from a morphine base in 1874. The Bayer Company started the commercial production of heroin in 1898. Heroin was supposed to be a safer, less addictive replacement for morphine. In the early 1900s heroin addiction became a significant problem in the United States. The Anti-Heroin Act of 1924 made it illegal to make or sell heroin.
What is Heroin?
Heroin is an illicit opioid drug derived from morphine. Morphine is a natural substance found in the seed pod of opium poppy plants. Opium poppies grow in parts of Asia, Mexico and in South America. Heroin can be in powder form ranging in color from white to brown. It can also be found as a black sticky form called black tar heroin. There is no medical use for heroin.
Common street names for heroin:
- Big H
- White horse
- Hell dust
- Brown sugar
What are the Effects of Heroin?
People can snort, smoke, or inject heroin directly into a vein. As heroin reaches the brain it is converted to morphine. The morphine then binds to opioid receptors in the brain. When this happens people report feeling high, sometimes in a dream-like state. Short-term side effects include:
- Warm flushing of the skin
- Severe itching
- Clouded mental function
- Heavy feeling in the arms and legs
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dry mouth
- Going back in forth between conscious and semiconscious
Long-Term Effects of Heroin Use
Just like any kind of substance abuse, there are health consequences of using heroin. The more often someone uses heroin the worse the health problems can become. The long-term effects of heroin use include:
- Collapsed veins in those who inject heroin
- Damaged tissue inside the nose in those who sniff or snort heroin
- Infection of the heart lining and valves
- Abscesses (swollen tissue filled with pus)
- Antisocial personality disorder
- Sexual dysfunction in men
- Irregular menstrual cycles in women
- Contracting hepatitis or HIV from sharing needles
- Stomach cramps
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
- Lung problems
Signs of Heroin Addiction
Sometimes people may not realize right away that a loved one has begun abusing heroin. Often the signs of addiction do not become noticeable until someone has been using for quite some time. There are some specific signs that someone has been using heroin:
- Often needing laxatives or stool softeners, heroin use can cause constipation
- Wearing long-sleeve shirts even in warm weather to hide needle marks from injecting heroin
- Burn marks on the mouth or fingers from smoking heroin
- Having drug paraphernalia related to heroin use
Heroin drug paraphernalia includes:
- Hypodermic needles used to inject heroin into veins in the arm
- A shoelace or rubber hose to tie off the arm to make the veins easier to find
- Spoons to “cook” the heroin into a liquid form for injection
- A lighter or candle to use as a heat source
- Aluminum foil, cigarette, or rolling papers to put heroin on to smoke it
Other Signs of Addiction
There are more ways to tell if someone is hiding a drug addiction. These are some signs of addiction that are common for any drug or alcohol:
- Difficulties in school and decline grades
- Lack of interest in hobbies or activities
- Chronically being late
- Poor work performance
- Wearing dirty clothing and a lack of good grooming habits
- Increased need for privacy, hiding texts or calls
- Not paying bills
- Requesting to borrow money
- Decreased appetite and weight loss
- Dropping old friends, adding questionable new friends
- Social withdrawal, isolating themselves
- Legal problems
- Changes in sleeping patterns
Signs That Someone is Currently High on Heroin
When someone is deep into an addiction, they often seclude themselves from society. If they are found here are some signs that they are using heroin right now:
- Tiny pupils
- Droopy facial expressions
- Flushed skin
- Falling asleep suddenly
- Slow breathing
- Confused thinking
Mixing Heroin With Other Substances
Someone who is addicted to one drug may also be using other drugs or alcohol at the same time. Using multiple substances together can alter the effects of heroin on the body. It can increase the danger of a bad reaction or an overdose.
- Heroin mixed with alcohol can increase the chances of an overdose. Both substances lower blood pressure and heart rate. It could lead to a coma.
- Heroin mixed with benzodiazepines can slow the rate of breathing. Benzodiazepines can make the overdose reversal drug naloxone less effective.
- Mixing heroin and cocaine is called a speedball. Cocaine is a stimulant that can also cause breathing problems and change a person’s heart rate.
A heroin overdose is a medical emergency. If someone suspects an overdose, they need to call 911 immediately. Every minute counts. The signs of an opioid overdose include:
- A pale face, and skin that feels clammy to the touch.
- A body that goes limp.
- Purple or blue lips and fingertips, meaning they are not getting enough air.
- Vomiting or gurgling sounds.
- Slowed or stopped breathing.
- A slower or heart rate.
About Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms
Heroin addiction is dangerous, it can destroy someone’s life. Stopping a heroin addiction often requires outside help because withdrawal symptoms can be hard to handle. Often when someone tries to quit on their own, they will start using it again to stop getting sick from the withdrawal. Opioid withdrawal symptoms include:
- Muscle and bone pain
- Cold flashes with goosebumps
- Nausea and vomiting
Detox and Withdrawal Treatment
For some addiction issues, the first step is attending a detox program. Detoxification is when a substance completely leaves the body. During this process, a person goes through physical and mental changes after they stop using a substance.
Going through a detox program is usually recommended for someone with an opioid addiction like heroin. Going through withdrawal reduces the person’s tolerance to the drug, so those who have just gone through withdrawal can overdose on a much smaller dose than they used to take. This can happen the first time someone has a relapse.
What is a Relapse?
A relapse is a return to behaviors and substance use that occurred before someone had substance use treatment. A relapse can happen to anyone. It is estimated that 40-60% of people with a substance use disorder will experience a relapse at some point in time.
Relapse triggers include spending time with people previously associated with substance use, increased stress, or anxiety. A relapse can also be triggered by going to an area where someone got high or bought drugs. Spending less time with people assisting in recovery efforts or at therapy sessions also makes a relapse more likely to happen. If someone suffers a relapse, the best thing to do is get back into therapy as soon as possible.
Types of Detox Centers in the Chandler Area
Medical detox- Medical detox uses medical supervision to monitor withdrawal symptoms. For some people, monitoring is necessary to watch for life-threatening symptoms such as seizures or psychotic episodes, or severe depression. In this setting, medications can be given to avoid some symptoms.
Medication assisted treatment- Medication assisted treatment combines medication and behavioral therapy. This treatment uses FDA-approved medications to reduce cravings and allows for behavioral therapy to be most effective. FDA approved medications for opioid addiction therapy include:
Holistic detox– A Holistic detox approach uses natural methods to support the body during the detox process. This method combines nutritional therapy, emotional support, and exercise programs to assist recovery.
Inpatient Heroin Rehab – The Next Step in Recovery
After going through a heroin detox program, it is time to move on to rehab. After the physical cravings for heroin have stopped a person can focus on the psychological part of the addiction. Understanding the reasons behind drug use is necessary to make lasting changes. The best place to explore therapy options is at an inpatient drug and alcohol rehab center.
What are Inpatient Drug Rehab Centers?
Inpatient treatment centers make a variety of benefits available to those who want to recover from drug and alcohol addictions. Patients do not leave the facility during their treatment. They have twenty-four-hour-a-day support and medical intervention if needed.
Most inpatient stays are twenty-eight days long. During that time, people receive both professional and peer support to help them learn why they started using in the first place. Once the root cause has been determined, proper treatment can be provided to address it.
Types of Addiction Therapy
During an addiction rehab program, there are different types of therapy available to help change behavior patterns. The course of therapy treatment is based on the needs of each individual. What works for one person may not work for someone else. Some types of therapy are:
- Experiential Therapy- Experiential therapy tries to bring out deep inner lying problems through events other than standard talk therapy. This works by engaging in activities to bring out emotions that could be attached to subconscious issues. There is a variety of activities that could be used, and it depends on what might work for each individual patient. Activities can include art, such as painting or sculpting, listening to music or writing songs, hiking, horseback riding.
- Dialectical Behavioral therapy– Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) helps an individual manage strong emotions or stressful situations in a healthy way. DBT was originally created to help those with borderline personality disorder. DBT includes one on one therapy, group therapy, and as-needed coaching over the phone.
- The Matrix Model– The Matrix Model was originally created for helping stimulant (meth and cocaine) abusers beat addictions. Patients are monitored for drug use by urine testing. The therapist is a teacher and a coach, reinforcing positive behavior change. Treatment pulls from other tested treatments including relapse prevention, family and group therapy, drug education, and self-help participation.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy– Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps patients recognize negative thought patterns, stop the thoughts, and replace them with healthy thoughts. This focuses on the present rather than on memories and the past. CBT can be helpful for those that struggle with anxiety, depression, and need to improve self-control.
Types of Heroin Outpatient Therapy Rehab in Chandler, Arizona
Outpatient rehab programs can be good for someone who has finished inpatient treatment but still needs more therapy. During outpatient therapy, people can continue to work on skills learned during inpatient therapy sessions. The longer an addict works on therapy the better chance they can avoid a relapse. Types of outpatient programs include:
- Partial hospitalization programs- (PHPs) This type of program is the most intense outpatient program. It is sometimes called a day treatment program. These programs meet five to seven days a week for several hours a day. Afterward, the patient returns home.
- Intensive Outpatient Programs- (IOP) this style of outpatient treatment can be good for people who do not have co-occurring disorders but need more than a once-a-week counseling session. IOPs usually meet three to four times a week for approximately three hours at a time. The primary focus is group therapy, but individual counseling can be available if needed.
- Traditional Outpatient Therapy- Patients can meet with a counselor once a week or several times a week depending on the amount of care they need. This is usually best for someone who has already been through more involved therapy and could still benefit from counseling sessions.
Long Term Rehab Facilities
Long-term rehab is not the same as an inpatient program. Long-term rehab is set up like a residence and people can stay for several months. During this time they continue to work on recovery. The therapy is in-house, and people do not work an outside job at the same time.
Heroin Addiction Treatment – Continuing Care
The National Institute on Drug Abuse says treatment that is less than 90 days is not very effective. To continue therapy one option is to go to a sober living home. Here people live with other recovering addicts. They need to have a job to pay rent, food, and utility expenses. They are also required to go to outpatient therapy at a treatment center. They continue to use therapy while moving towards reclaiming independence.
Another option for continuing care would be a 12-step program. Programs like Narcotics Anonymous are peer-led support group meetings. There is no professional therapy, but it is beneficial to help someone stay drug-free. This can be good for someone who has a support system at home.
Is Heroin Inpatient Treatment Covered by Insurance?
Yes, insurance will cover some inpatient rehab costs. Some insurance policies may cover all rehab costs. The Affordable Care Act passed into law in 2010, requires mental health and substance use disorders to be covered by insurance. Out of pocket costs can vary based on each policy. In-network facilities will cost less than out-of-network facilities. In-network means the insurance company already has a contract to work with the treatment facility.
More Information About Heroin Addiction Treatment in Chandler, Arizona
At SpringBoard Arizona, we want to help people recover from heroin addiction. We know that there are many people out there that do not know who to turn to for help with heroin addiction. It is hard to beat addiction without support.
We offer inpatient rehab and detox services for anyone who wants to get clean. SpringBoard Arizona can make a difference. If you or a loved one need help, please contact us today.