Flagstaff, Arizona has treatment options available for people who deal with drug and alcohol addictions. They may not realize that they are not alone in this struggle. Getting the right kind of treatment can help an individual stop using and change their life.
There are a variety of treatment options out there. Treatment can vary based on the type of addiction someone is trying to break. The best treatment options will look at the specific needs of each person.
No one should have to feel overwhelmed about drug and alcohol addiction treatment. We can help people in Flagstaff go through the options that are out there. With support, people can get clean and sober.
Is There a Need For Drug And Alcohol Treatment in Flagstaff, Arizona?
Flagstaff is the county seat of Coconino County. It is a county full of fantastic natural landscapes, and rich in history. On July 4, 1876, a group passing through on their way to California stripped a pine tree of its branches and raised an American Flag to celebrate the centennial anniversary of the USA. The flagstaff became a landmark to people who followed and eventually the area became what is now the city of Flagstaff. It is a great historical city, and it is also home to people struggling with substance addictions.
The Community Health Assessment for Coconino County released in December 2020, shows some statistics for substance misuse in the county.
- For the first time in a decade, more people died from drug overdoses than motor vehicle accidents in 2018 in Coconino county
- In 2018 three out of every five accidental poisoning deaths were drug-related
- 46% of drug overdose deaths include multiple drugs
- Alcohol was involved in 84% of all liver disease /cirrhosis deaths
The Coconino County Health and Human Services Medical Examiner’s Office annual report from 2019 listed the following amounts of drug-related deaths that came through their office:
- In 2016 there were 30 overdose deaths
- In 2017 there were 38 overdose deaths
- In 2018 there were 39 overdose deaths
- In 2019 there were 24 overdose deaths
The Arizona Department of Health Services lists the number of drug and alcohol-related emergency room visits every year. They also have information related to the number of people admitted to the hospital for at least one overnight stay due to drugs or alcohol-related issues.
- 2018 emergency room visits that listed alcohol as the first cause totaled 11,601 statewide, with 1,060 in Coconino County
- 2018 inpatient stays that listed alcohol as the first cause totaled 7908 statewide, with 290 in Coconino County
- 2018 emergency room visits that listed drugs as the first cause totaled 18,660 statewide, with 105 in Coconino County
- 2018 inpatient stays that listed drugs as the first cause totaled 7,028 statewide, with 136 in Coconino County
Data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that almost 30 people die each day in drunk driving crashes. In 2018 there were 10,511 drunk driving deaths nationwide. Reported deaths from drunk driving crashes in Coconino County totaled at:
- 2015- 15 deaths
- 2016- 9 deaths
- 2017- 19 deaths
- 2018- 12 deaths
- 2019- 15 deaths
What is an Addiction?
An addiction is the inability to stop consuming a drug, substance, or activity even when it causes physical or psychological harm. A person does not usually do something once and become addicted. When they continue to repeat the behavior, they eventually become dependent on it to cope with life on a daily basis. People can easily become addicted to drugs. A person can also develop behavioral addictions, like gambling, shopping, or even working.
What Does Addiction Look Like?
Signs of addiction may not be as obvious as a person using a drug in front of others. Alcohol addiction does not necessarily look like someone walking around drunk all of the time. There are some general signs that are noticeable no matter what kind of substance is being used. These include:
- Difficulties in school and declining grades
- Lack of interest in hobbies or activities they once enjoyed
- Poor work performance
- Wearing dirty clothing or a lack of good grooming habits
- Increased need for privacy, hiding texts or calls
- Not paying bills
- Requesting to borrow money
- Decreased appetite and weight loss
- Dropping old friends, adding questionable new friends
- Isolating themselves, social withdrawal
- Legal problems
- Changes in sleeping patterns, sleeping more than normal or insomnia
- Irritability or they seem easily confused
- Anxiety or paranoia
- Unusual body odors
- Chronically being late
- Aggressiveness or violent behavior
Drug and Alcohol Detox Options in Flagstaff
Detoxification occurs when a substance is being removed from the body. During this process, a person goes through physical and mental changes while not continuing to use a substance. This can be a beginning step to addiction recovery.
Trying to quit without help is difficult. Many people will start to use again to avoid withdrawal symptoms. With alcohol or some drugs withdrawal symptoms can be dangerous and require medical supervision. Some substances have specific withdrawal symptoms but there are some common withdrawal symptoms that can be experienced often when quitting. Common withdrawal symptoms can include:
- Symptoms of depression
- Irritability and/or mood swings
- Changes in appetite
- Changes in blood pressure
- Shakiness or tremors
- Muscle or bone pain
What Drugs Require Detox?
The serious nature of the withdrawal symptoms of some substances should not be overlooked. Seizures and severe depression can be fatal. Quitting drugs with these possible withdrawal symptoms requires medical supervision during the detox stage of recovery.
- Opioids– This includes illegal drugs like heroin and prescription drugs like Vicodin and codeine. It is possible for some people to get through withdrawal symptoms on their own when stopping opioids. The biggest danger is if someone starts using again. Withdrawal lowers a person’s tolerance to the drug. This means someone can overdose on a smaller amount than what they used to take.
- Stimulants– This drug category includes prescription stimulants like Adderall and Ritalin and illegal drugs like cocaine. This class of drugs usually has less severe withdrawal symptoms like fatigue and sleep problems. However, withdrawal from stimulants can also cause depression, which can lead to suicidal thoughts.
- Benzodiazepines- Valium and Xanax are commonly prescribed benzodiazepines. These are often prescribed for anxiety disorders. This is one of the types of drugs with more serious withdrawal symptoms. Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome can cause seizures and psychotic episodes.
- Alcohol– It may be a surprise to some people that quitting alcohol can be dangerous. The truth is alcohol withdrawal has serious side effects. The most serious withdrawal symptoms of alcohol are called delirium tremens or DTs. This can cause seizures and delirium (sudden severe confusion), and can be fatal.
Different Styles of Detox Programs in Flagstaff
Each person should decide which type of detox would be best for their situation. The best treatment depends on what kind of drug was being used and for how long. Talking with a medical professional to learn more can help make the right decision.
- Medication assisted treatment- Medication assisted treatment combines medication and behavioral therapy. This treatment uses FDA-approved medications that do not impair a person’s mental state. This reduces cravings and allows for behavioral therapy to be most effective. FDA-approved medications for opioid detox include Buprenorphine, Methadone, and Naltrexone. Naltrexone can also be used in treatment for alcohol substance use. Other FDA-approved medications for alcohol detox are Acamprosate and Disulfiram.
- Medical detox- Medical detox uses medical supervision to monitor withdrawal symptoms. For people detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines, monitoring is necessary to watch for life-threatening symptoms such as seizures or psychotic episodes. In this setting, medications can be given to avoid or lessen some symptoms.
- Holistic detox– A Holistic detox approach uses natural methods to support the body while it empties of drugs or alcohol. The method can combine nutritional therapy, emotional support, and exercise programs such as yoga to help ease withdrawal symptoms.
Alcohol and Drug Detox Facilities Near Flagstaff
The SAMHSA treatment locator tool shows 4 detox facilities within a 25-mile radius of Flagstaff. Of these programs:
- 3 of them offer hospital inpatient detoxification services
- 3 of them offer varying types of outpatient detox services
- 2 of them offer medication assisted treatment
Flagstaff, Arizona Drug and Alcohol Rehab Programs
If someone has completed detox, they are ready for the next step, drug and alcohol rehab. A detox program does not fix an addiction; people must change behavior patterns, so they do not start using drugs or alcohol again.
Someone usually starts misusing drugs or alcohol for a reason. Pinpointing the reason and changing the behavior that led to addiction is the focus of rehab. If the underlying reason is not addressed it is most likely someone will begin using again. This is known as a relapse.
There are several types of therapy available to help a person change their behavior patterns. This process should be individualized to each person and the reasons why they started using a substance. Commonly used therapies include:
- The Matrix Model- The matrix model was originally designed for helping stimulant (meth and cocaine) abusers recover from addiction. Patients learn about addiction and relapse, receive direction and support from trained therapists. Patients are monitored for drug use by urine testing. The therapist is a teacher and a coach, reinforcing positive behavior changes to stay clean.
- Experiential Therapy- Experiential therapy works on deep internal problems through events other than standard talk therapy. This works by engaging in activities to bring out emotions that could be attached to subconscious issues. There is a variety of activities that could be used, and it depends on what might work for each individual patient. Activities can include but are not limited to creating art, listening to music, or writing songs, hiking, role-playing, horseback riding.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy– Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps patients recognize negative thought patterns, stop the thoughts, and replace them with healthy thoughts. This focuses on the present rather than on memories and the past. CBT can be helpful for those that struggle with anxiety, depression, and need to improve self-control.
- Dialectical Behavioral therapy– Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) helps an individual manage strong emotions or stressful situations in a healthy way. DBT was originally created to help those with borderline personality disorder. DBT includes one on one therapy, group therapy, and as-needed coaching over the phone.
What is a Co-occurring Disorder?
A co-occurring disorder is when someone has a substance addiction and a mental health issue happening at the same time. People sometimes use substances as a way to self-medicate their mental health symptoms. The National Institute on Drug Abuse says 7.7 million adults have co-occurring mental health issues and substance abuse issues.
Some example of co-occurring disorders include:
- Panic disorder
- Bipolar disorder
- Eating Disorders
- Borderline personality disorder
In the past, co-occurring disorders were not acknowledged. Fortunately, that is not the case now. The most effective treatment plans include treating both addiction and co-occurring disorders at the same time.
Types of Alcohol and Drug Treatment Programs Available in Flagstaff
There are a few different options for addiction treatment near Flagstaff. The best thing to do is talk to a professional to determine the best type of therapy for each person.
Types of rehab programs available include:
- Inpatient treatment– This is the highest level of care. Often people will go from detox straight to inpatient services. People at this level of care live at the treatment program, sleeping, eating, and doing therapy without leaving the facility. The most common length of stay is twenty-eight days.
- Partial hospitalization programs- (PHPs) Sometimes known as a day treatment program, this type of program is the most intense outpatient program. These programs meet five to seven days a week for several hours a day. Afterward, the patient returns home. This type of program can be good for someone who has a substance use disorder and a co-occurring disorder but does not require twenty-four-hour supervision.
- Intensive Outpatient Programs- (IOP) this style of outpatient treatment is good for people who do not have co-occurring disorders but need more than a once-a-week counseling session. IOPs usually meet three to four times a week for approximately three hours at a time. The primary focus is group therapy, but individual counseling is available if needed.
- Traditional Outpatient Therapy- This is the least restrictive type of therapy. Patients can meet with a counselor once a week or several times a week depending on the amount of care they need. This is usually best for someone who has already been through more involved therapy and could still benefit from counseling sessions.
- 12-step programs- These are peer support groups. The most well-known are Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. They do not include professional counseling but can be very helpful in the recovery process.
Drug and Alcohol Rehab Facilities Near Flagstaff
The SAMHSA treatment locator tool shows 3 rehab facilities within a 25-mile radius of Flagstaff. The programs available include:
- 2 offer traditional outpatient services
- 1 offers long term residential treatment
- 1 offers short term residential treatment
- 2 offer telehealth services
What Should People Do if They Suspect a Drug Overdose or Alcohol Poisoning?
Deaths from overdoses have increased in the past few years. Many people may not know the steps to take if this happens. This is a time-sensitive situation, to save a life call 911 immediately.
Possible signs of a drug overdose:
- Pale, clammy skin
- Stomach pain
- Blueish fingertips or lips
- A limp body
- Becoming unresponsive
- Onset of diarrhea
- Chest pain
- A loss of balance, coordination problems
- Confusion and paranoia
- Breathing problems
- Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps
Signs that someone may be experiencing alcohol poisoning:
- Becoming confused
- Slower breathing than normal
- Irregular breathing with long gaps between breaths
- Skin that is pale or blueish in tone
- A lower-than-normal body temperature
- Becoming unconscious and not being able to wake up
Alcohol poisoning is dangerous and requires treatment right away. Sometimes alcohol poisoning looks just like someone is drunk, it can be hard to tell what has happened. The safest thing to do is call 911 right away.
After calling 911, there are other ways to continue to help people who has overdosed on drugs or alcohol.
- stay with the person until help arrives to monitor the situation.
- Vomiting is common with overdose victims. Make sure they do not start to choke if they throw up.
- Try to keep them awake if at all possible.
- Provide information about the individual to paramedics when they arrive, including medications, allergies, what drugs or alcohol may be involved.
Local Hospitals in the Flagstaff, Arizona Area
If someone is experiencing a drug overdose or alcohol poisoning, there is one hospital within a 30-mile radius of Flagstaff.
Flagstaff Medical Center
1200 N Beaver St