There are many people in Glendale, Arizona suffering from heroin addiction, but going to rehab can help tremendously. In fact, professional treatment can be life-changing, and it offers people the best possible chance for a successful recovery.
Glendale is part of Maricopa County. Maricopa County is the United States’ fourth-most populous county. More than half the people in Arizona live in Maricopa county, and Glendale is the seventh biggest city in the county. It is not surprising to find that many people in Glendale suffer from addictions.
Glendale, Arizona Heroin Statistics
The 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health shows that 745,000 people used heroin at some point during 2019 across the United States. The Arizona Department of Health Services lists all hospitalizations and emergency room visits caused by drug use for each county. This includes data for all age groups.
- In 2018 there were 12,278 hospitalizations from opiate use, including heroin, in Maricopa county
- In 2018 there were 7,159 emergency room visits because of opiate use, including heroin, in Maricopa county
There were 898 deaths from opiate use between October 2018 and September 2019. This includes deaths from heroin use.
What is Heroin?
Heroin is an illicit opioid drug derived from morphine. Morphine is a natural substance found in the seed pod of opium poppy plants. Opium poppies grow in parts of Asia, Mexico and in South America. Heroin can be in powder form, ranging in color from white to brown. It can also be found in a black sticky form called black tar heroin. There is no medical use for heroin.
Common street names for heroin:
- Big H
- Hell dust
- Brown sugar
- White horse
The History of Heroin in the United States
Morphine is the base for all opioids, including prescription painkillers prescribed today. Morphine was widely used as a pain killer during the Civil War. The result was 400,000 American soldiers addicted to morphine.
An English chemist refined heroin from a morphine base in 1874. The Bayer Company started the commercial production of heroin in 1898. Heroin was supposed to be a safer, less addictive replacement for morphine. In the early 1900s heroin addiction became a problem in the United States. The Anti-Heroin Act of 1924 made it illegal to make or sell heroin in the United States.
What Are The Effects of Heroin?
People can snort, smoke, or inject heroin directly into a vein. As heroin reaches the brain it is converted to morphine. The morphine then binds to opioid receptors in the brain. When this happens people report feeling a rush of euphoria. Short term side effects include:
- Warm flushing of the skin
- Heavy feeling in the arms and legs
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dry mouth
- Severe itching
- Clouded mental function
- Going back in forth between conscious and semiconscious
Long Term Effects of Heroin Use
Just like any kind of substance abuse, there are health consequences of using heroin. The more often someone uses heroin the worse the health problems can become. Long-term effects of heroin use include:
- Stomach cramps
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
- Lung problems
- Collapsed veins in those who inject heroin
- Damaged tissue inside the nose in those who sniff or snort heroin
- Infection of the heart lining and valves
- Abscesses (swollen tissue filled with pus)
- Antisocial personality disorder
- Sexual dysfunction in men
- Irregular menstrual cycles in women
- Contracting hepatitis or HIV from sharing needles
Heroin Addiction Signs
Noticing behavior changes can also show that a person has an addiction. There are many signs of addiction that are common of many different drugs. There are some specific signs that someone has been using heroin:
- Often needing laxatives or stool softeners, heroin use can cause constipation
- Wearing long-sleeve shirts even in warm weather to hide needle marks from injecting heroin
- Burn marks on the mouth or fingers from smoking heroin
- Having drug paraphernalia
A big clue that someone is addicted to heroin is having drug paraphernalia around. Different methods of using heroin require different items.
- Hypodermic needles used to inject heroin into veins in the arm
- A shoelace or rubber hose to tie off the arm to make the veins easier to find
- Spoons to “cook” the heroin into a liquid form for injection
- A lighter or candle to use as a heat source
- Aluminum foil, cigarette, or rolling papers to put heroin on to smoke it
Signs of Someone Currently High on Heroin
Ways to tell someone is using heroin right now:
- Tiny pupils
- Droopy facial expressions
- Flushed skin
- Falling asleep suddenly
- Slow breathing
- Confused thinking
Other Signs of Addiction
There are more ways to tell if someone is hiding a drug addiction. Seeing multiple signs in someone’s life makes heroin, or other substance addiction more likely. These are signs of addiction that are common for any drug or alcohol:
- Difficulties in school and decline grades
- Lack of interest in hobbies or activities
- Chronically being late
- Poor work performance
- Wearing dirty clothing and a lack of good grooming habits
- Increased need for privacy, hiding texts or calls
- Not paying bills
- Requesting to borrow money
- Decreased appetite and weight loss
- Dropping old friends, adding questionable new friends
- Social withdrawal, isolating themselves
- Legal problems
- Changes in sleeping patterns
How is Heroin Linked to Prescription Drug Abuse?
Many people assume that prescription drugs are safer to use than illicit drugs. Prescriptions for Demerol, Oxycontin, and Vicodin have increased rapidly in recent years. When these prescribed drugs are used in amounts more than intended it becomes dangerous.
Almost half of all opioid deaths in the U.S. involve a prescription opioid. When used inappropriately it can lead to a substance use disorder. Some research suggests that prescription drug abuse may lead to heroin abuse because it is cheaper and easier to get.
Understanding Heroin Withdrawal
Stopping a heroin addiction needs to be a priority. This often requires outside help because withdrawal symptoms can be hard to handle. When someone tries to quit on their own, they may start using again to avoid withdrawal symptoms. Heroin withdrawal symptoms include:
- Muscle and bone pain
- Cold flashes with goosebumps
- Nausea and vomiting
Heroin Detox Programs
The first step in a treatment plan for heroin addiction is to attend a detox program. Detoxification is when a substance completely leaves the body. During this process, a person goes through physical and mental changes while not continuing to use a substance.
Going through a detox program is strongly recommended for someone with an opioid addiction like heroin. The biggest complication is returning to drug use. Most opiate overdose deaths occur in people who have just detoxed. Withdrawal reduces the person’s tolerance to the drug, so those who have just gone through withdrawal can overdose on a much smaller dose than they used to take.
Types of Detox Centers Available in Glendale
Medication assisted treatment- Medication assisted treatment combines medication and behavioral therapy. This treatment uses FDA-approved medications that do not impair a person’s mental state. This reduces cravings and allows for behavioral therapy to be most effective. FDA approved medications for opioid addiction therapy include:
Holistic detox– A Holistic detox approach uses natural methods to support the body while it empties of drugs. The method combines nutritional therapy, emotional support, and exercise programs to assist recovery. Many people who suffer from addictions do not have healthy bodies due to drug use.
Medical detox- Medical detox uses medical supervision to monitor withdrawal symptoms. For some people, monitoring is necessary to watch for life-threatening symptoms such as seizures or psychotic episodes, or severe depression. In this setting, medications can be given to avoid some symptoms.
The Best Option for Heroin Addiction Treatment in Glendale, Arizona
Finishing a detox program is only the beginning of heroin addiction treatment. After someone is past the physical cravings for heroin they can focus on the psychological part of the addiction. Understanding the reasons behind drug use is necessary to make changes.
Once there is that understanding the drug use behavior can be replaced with healthy behaviors. There are different levels of care based on how much help someone needs. The best place to explore therapy options is at an inpatient drug and alcohol rehab center.
What is Inpatient Drug Rehab?
Inpatient treatment centers make a variety of benefits available to those who want to recover from drug and alcohol addictions. Patients do not leave the facility during their treatment. They have twenty-four-hour-a-day support and medical intervention if needed.
Most inpatient stays are for twenty-eight days. The amount of time a person stays in rehab is based on needs. The severity of the addiction and the amount of progress influences how long someone may need to stay at an inpatient treatment center. Sometimes they can stay longer.
Types of Addiction Therapy
During an addiction rehab program, there are different types of therapy available to help change behavior patterns. The course of therapy treatment is individualized to meet each person’s needs. What works for one person may not be effective for someone else. Some types of therapy are:
- The Matrix Model– The Matrix Model was originally created for helping stimulant (meth and cocaine) abusers achieve abstinence. Patients learn about addiction and relapse, receive direction and support from trained therapists. Patients are monitored for drug use by urine testing. The therapist is a teacher and a coach, reinforcing positive behavior change. Treatment pulls from other tested treatments including relapse prevention, family and group therapy, drug education, and self-help participation.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy– Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps patients recognize negative thought patterns, stop the thoughts, and replace them with healthy thoughts. This focuses on the present rather than on memories and the past. CBT can be helpful for those that struggle with anxiety, depression, and need to improve self-control.
- Dialectical Behavioral therapy– Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) helps an individual manage strong emotions or stressful situations in a healthy way. DBT was originally created to help those with borderline personality disorder. DBT includes one on one therapy, group therapy, and as-needed coaching over the phone.
- Experiential Therapy- Experiential therapy tries to bring out deep inner lying problems through events other than standard talk therapy. This works by engaging in activities to bring out emotions that could be attached to subconscious issues. There is a variety of activities that could be used, and it depends on what might work for each individual patient. Activities can include but are not limited to, creating art such as painting or sculpting, listening to music or writing songs, hiking, dancing, role-playing, horseback riding.
What are the Advantages of Inpatient Therapy?
Inpatient treatment centers have the highest rate of long-term success for those with heroin addiction. They provide a comfortable and organized environment for recovery. This allows a person time away from daily stressors so they can focus on behavior changes.
At an inpatient treatment facility, a person is surrounded by support from other residents, counselors, and medical staff. Negative influences and distractions are kept at bay, and there is freedom from outside relapse triggers. This can be the best course of treatment for someone who does not have a strong support system at home.
What is a Relapse?
A relapse is a return to behaviors and substance use that occurred before someone had substance use treatment. A relapse can happen to anyone, it is important to recognize the signs. Possible reasons for relapse can be spending time with people previously associated with substance use, increased stress, or anxiety, spending less time with people assisting in recovery efforts.
What to do if a Relapse Happens
It is estimated that 40-60% of people with a substance use disorder will experience a relapse. It is important to deal with the situation right away. A person should reach out to their support group and continue any outpatient therapy. They may need to re-evaluate treatment or learn new coping skills to continue on the road to recovery.
Types of Heroin Outpatient Rehab Programs in Glendale, Arizona
Outpatient rehab can be the next step for people who have gone through an inpatient program but still need more therapy. During outpatient therapy, people can continue to work on skills learned during inpatient therapy sessions. The longer an addict works on therapy the better chance they have to stay sober. Types of outpatient programs include:
- Partial hospitalization programs- (PHPs) This type of program is the most intense outpatient program. It is sometimes called a day treatment program. These programs meet five to seven days a week for several hours a day. Afterward, the patient returns home.
- Intensive Outpatient Programs- (IOP) this style of outpatient treatment can be good for people who do not have co-occurring disorders but need more than a once-a-week counseling session. IOPs usually meet three to four times a week for approximately three hours at a time. The primary focus is group therapy, but individual counseling can be available if needed.
- Traditional Outpatient Therapy- Patients can meet with a counselor once a week or several times a week depending on the amount of care they need. This is usually best for someone who has already been through more involved therapy and could still benefit from counseling sessions.
Long-Term Rehab Programs
Long-term rehab is not the same as an inpatient program. Sometimes 28 days at an inpatient facility is just not long enough for a recovering addict to be successful. Long-term rehab is set up like a residence and people can stay for several months. During this time they continue to work on recovery. The therapy is in-house, and people do not work an outside job at the same time.
Heroin Addiction Treatment – Aftercare Matters
When a person has finished detox and inpatient or outpatient rehab, they still need to work on themselves, so they do not go back to drug use. The National Institute on Drug Abuse says treatment that is less than 90 days is not very effective. There are some different ways to extend aftercare.
One option is to go to a sober living home. Here people live with other recovering addicts. They need to have a job and go to outpatient therapy. Occasional drug tests may be necessary. Drugs or alcohol are not permitted in the house.
Another option for continuing care would be a 12-step program. These programs like narcotics anonymous are peer-led support group meetings. There is no professional therapy, but it is beneficial to help someone stay drug-free. This can be good for someone who does have a decent support system at home.
Is Inpatient Heroin Treatment Covered by Insurance?
Yes, rehab for drug and alcohol use coverage is required by the Affordable Care Act. Coverage is different with each health insurance policy.
More Information About Heroin Addiction Treatment in Glendale, Arizona
At SpringBoard Arizona, we want to help people recover from Heroin addiction. It is hard to beat addiction without support. SpringBoard Arizona can make a difference. If you or a loved one need help, please contact us today.