Glendale, Arizona has many citizens that are facing the difficulties of methamphetamine (meth) addiction and need treatment. It is possible to break a meth addiction. No one has to face this challenge by themselves.
Glendale is part of Maricopa county. Maricopa County is one of the largest counties in the United States regarding population. With that many people in one area, it is likely that there are many people there struggling with meth addiction.
Meth use is dangerous. There are many side effects and long-term health problems. Going to an inpatient rehab facility can be a life changing event.
Meth Use Statistics For Glendale, Arizona
Meth use is a problem across the United States. A report from the CDC says that from 2015-2018 an average of 1.6 million adults used meth at least once during the year. Of that same group of people, 52.9% reported having a meth use disorder. The 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health reports that 2 million people in the United States aged 12 and older used meth during 2019.
The Maricopa County Office of the Medical Examiner 2019 annual report reports that over 600 overdose deaths involved Meth. That number has increased steadily each year since 2015. The Arizona Department of Health Services lists all hospitalizations and emergency room visits caused by drug use for each county. In 2018, 12,838 people were hospitalized due to amphetamines, and 9,183 people went to the emergency room for the same reasons.
A report released by the Arizona Substance Abuse Partnership states that the price of meth decreased by 58% between 2015 and 2019, making it more affordable to get. Law enforcement at the federal, state and local levels have seen a 342% increase in meth confiscated from 2015 to 2019.
What is Meth?
Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug and it is highly addictive. Meth works by increasing the amount of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is released when your brain is expecting a reward, a large amount of dopamine released at once can bring a feeling of euphoria. Meth’s ability to rapidly release large levels of dopamine motivates increased drug use. Meth can be found in a pill form or white powder. Crystal meth looks like pieces of glass or shiny blue-white rocks. Meth can be swallowed, smoked, snorted, or injected. There are a lot of street names for meth:
- Go fast
- Biker’s coffee
- Stove top
How Meth is Made
Cooking meth is dangerous. Meth is made by taking a common ingredient from cold medicine and cooking it with other toxic chemicals. This changes the pseudoephedrine in the cold medicine to meth. The other ingredients used could be paint thinner, drain cleaner, or even battery acid.
The Dangers of Meth Labs
Meth can be made by individuals in a variety of places. Meth labs have been found in apartments, barns, sheds, out in the woods, and even in the trunks of cars. It can be done almost anywhere. Making meth creates a lot of toxic waste.
Waste dumped from meth labs exposes people and the environment to toxic chemicals. Often family members of those making meth are injured, including children. Exposure to the toxic chemicals can cause:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Lack of coordination
- Burns to the skin, eyes, nose, mouth
The Harmful Effects of Meth
Meth has many dangerous health effects. There are both short-term and long-term health effects. There are also other risks associated with meth use that can affect more people than just the user.
The short-term effects of meth include:
- Decreased appetite
- Faster breathing
- Increased physical activity and wakefulness
- Irregular or rapid heartbeat
- Increased blood pressure and body temperature
The long-term effects of methamphetamine include:
- Extreme weight loss
- Sleeping problems
- Changes in brain structure
- Severe dental problems
- Violent behavior
Meth and Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease affects 7 to 10 million people worldwide. Early symptoms include shaking, slow movement, and trouble walking. Later symptoms include cognitive and behavioral problems, and dementia.
There are studies showing meth users have an increased chance of developing Parkinson’s disease. Meth use damages the brain cells involved in the transport of dopamine. This causes changes in the brain similar to that of Parkinson’s disease. Meth users are almost twice as likely to develop Parkinson’s later in life than those who do not use the drug.
Meth and Pregnancy
Meth use by pregnant women is dangerous for the baby. Meth use can cause premature labor and delivery. It can also cause the placenta to separate from the uterus, depriving the baby of oxygen and nutrients. Meth use can also cause heart and brain abnormalities in the baby.
HIV and Meth Use
Meth use by injection raises the risk of getting HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. Reusing contaminated syringes and needles spread the diseases just like any other drug that is injectable.
Meth use worsens the progression of HIV. In animal studies, meth increases viral replication. Meth users with HIV show more cognitive impairment than those who do not use the drug.
Signs of Meth Use in Glendale, Arizona
People on meth may try to hide their addiction. There are some clear signs that might alert someone to another person’s meth addiction. If more than one or two of these signs are noticeable it is more than likely they have an addiction.
Psychological Signs of Meth Addiction
Meth triggers feelings of euphoria by releasing large amounts of dopamine into the brain. Dopamine affects learning abilities, motor skills, and memory. After using meth for a long time an addict may have memory problems. Meth addicts may also show signs of psychosis. Psychosis is a mental condition where someone has lost contact with reality.
Physical Signs of Meth Addiction
There are some noticeable physical signs of meth use which include:
- Intense scratching
- Rotting teeth
- Thinning body/ weight loss
- Acne or sores
- Reduced appetite
- Twitching, jerky movements
- Repetitive behavior (compulsively cleaning or taking apart objects and putting them back together repeatedly)
- Dilated pupils
- Burns on lips or fingers
- Rapid eye movements
- Outbursts and agitation
- Exaggerated mannerisms
- Rapid breathing
- Talking constantly
Meth Detox Options in Glendale, Arizona
Detoxification is a type of treatment that offers help for withdrawal symptoms. During this process, a person goes through physical and mental changes while not using the problem substance. Detox is the starting point to recovery.
Meth withdrawal symptoms include depression, anxiety, and tiredness. A study done showed that psychotic symptoms lasted for a week in the participants who had used meth. Cravings to use meth again lasted at least five weeks.
Types of Detox Treatments
There are different detox treatment plans available to those in Glendale, Arizona who want to stop using meth. If someone is experiencing psychosis or hallucinations while detoxing, the safest place to be is in a treatment center. Treatment types include:
Holistic detox– A Holistic detox approach uses natural methods during the detox period. The method combines nutritional therapy, emotional support, and exercise programs to assist recovery. Many people detoxing from meth addictions do not have healthy bodies. They were not likely eating enough, meth use can affect the appetite.
Medical detox- Medical detox uses medical supervision to monitor withdrawal symptoms. Medical monitoring may be necessary to watch for life-threatening symptoms such as seizures or psychotic episodes. Medications can be given to avoid some symptoms.
Medication assisted treatment- Medication assisted treatment combines medication and behavioral therapy. This treatment usually uses FDA-approved medications for specific drug classes. There are no FDA-approved medications specifically for meth addiction, but other medications can help with some symptoms.
Meth Addiction Rehab Options in the Glendale Area
After going through a detox program, the next phase of recovery is to go to rehab. Physical cravings for meth can last much longer than the detox part of recovery. During rehab, a person can focus on the psychological reasons for addiction. Understanding the reasons behind drug use is necessary to make needed behavior changes. The best place to accomplish this is at an inpatient treatment facility.
What is Inpatient Meth Rehab?
Inpatient treatment centers make a variety of benefits available to those who want to recover from meth addictions. Patients live full time in the facility during their treatment. They have support and medical intervention 24 hours a day if needed. Most inpatient stays are twenty-eight days long.
Types of Addiction Therapy
At an addiction rehab program, there are different types of therapy offered for patients. Different types of therapy include:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy– Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) helps patients recognize negative thought patterns, stop the thoughts, and replace them with healthy thoughts. This focuses on the present rather than on memories and the past. CBT can be helpful for those that struggle with anxiety, depression, and need to improve self-control.
- Contingency Management- Contingency management reinforces abstinence by providing tangible rewards. These types of programs have been effective with opioid and stimulant recovery patients. There are two types of contingency management, voucher-based, and prize incentives-based.
With voucher-based reinforcement, a patient gets a voucher that can be exchanged for goods or services with each drug-free urine sample. The voucher values increase over time. A drug-positive urine sample resets the voucher values back to the low point.
The prize incentive program is similar to the voucher-based but offers cash prizes instead of vouchers. When patients provide a clean urine or breath test, they can draw from a bowl of prizes worth $1-$100. Patients can also draw for attending counseling sessions. The number of draws starts with one and increases over time. Any unexcused absence or positive sample resets the draws to one chance.
- The Matrix Model– The Matrix Model was originally created for helping stimulant (meth and cocaine) abusers beat addictions. Patients are monitored for drug use by urine testing. The therapist is a teacher and a coach, reinforcing positive behavior change. Treatment pulls from other tested treatments including relapse prevention, family and group therapy, drug education, and self-help participation.
- Experiential Therapy- Experiential therapy tries to bring out deep inner lying problems through activities other than standard talk therapy. This works by engaging in activities to bring out emotions that could be attached to subconscious issues. Activities can include but are not limited to creating art such as painting or sculpting, hiking, dancing, and horseback riding
- Dialectical Behavioral Therapy– Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) helps an individual manage strong emotions or stressful situations in a healthy way. DBT was originally created to help those with borderline personality disorder. DBT includes one on one therapy, group therapy, and coaching over the phone, if necessary.
Types of Outpatient Rehab
A person who has done detox and finished an inpatient program may need more help. An outpatient program can meet that need. During outpatient therapy, people can continue to work on skills learned during inpatient therapy sessions. The longer an addict works on therapy the better chance they can avoid a relapse. Types of outpatient programs include:
- Traditional Outpatient Therapy- Patients can meet with a counselor once a week or several times a week depending on the amount of care they need. This is usually best for someone who has already been through more involved therapy and could still benefit from counseling sessions.
- Intensive Outpatient Programs- (IOP) this style of outpatient treatment can be good for people who do not have co-occurring disorders but need more than a once-a-week counseling session. IOPs usually meet three to four times a week for approximately three hours at a time. The primary focus is group therapy, but individual counseling can be available if needed.
- Partial hospitalization programs- (PHPs) This type of program is the most intensive outpatient program. It is sometimes called a day treatment program. These programs meet five to seven days a week for several hours a day. Afterward, the patient returns home.
Meth Addiction Treatment Continuing Care
The National Institute on Drug Abuse says treatment that is less than 90 days is not very effective. One option for continuing help is to go to a sober living home. Here people live with other recovering addicts. The requirements are to have a job to contribute financially to the house. They must also seek outpatient therapy, therapy is not provided in-house.
An additional option for continuing care can be a 12-step program. Programs like Narcotics Anonymous are peer-led support group meetings. There is no professional therapy, but it can help someone stay drug-free.
What is a Relapse?
A relapse is returning to substance use after a period of sobriety, and it can happen to anyone, it is important to recognize the signs. Possible reasons for relapsing can be spending time with people previously associated with substance use or going to places where drugs were bought in the past. Increased stress, anxiety, and spending less time with people assisting in recovery efforts can trigger a relapse.
What to do if a Relapse Happens
It is estimated that 40-60% of people with a substance use disorder will experience a relapse. It is important to deal with the situation right away. A person should quickly reach out to their support group and continue any outpatient therapy.
Can Someone Overdose on Meth?
Someone can overdose on meth. Milder symptoms of an overdose can include large, wide pupils, increased heart rate, and increased blood pressure. More dangerous overdose symptoms include:
- Chest pain
- Severe stomach pain
- Heart attack
- Coma or unresponsiveness
- Very high body temperature
- Kidney damage
If someone is experiencing a meth overdose, having a seizure, difficulty breathing or becoming violent, call 911 right away. Give them the following information if possible:
- How much of the drug was used
- How the drug was taken (smoked, snorted, injected)
- How long ago the person took the drug
- The person’s age and weight
Will Insurance Cover Inpatient Addiction Treatment in Glendale, Arizona?
The Affordable Care Act, of 2010, requires mental health and substance use disorders to be covered by insurance. Out of pocket costs can vary based on each policy. In-network facilities will cost less than out-of-network facilities. In-network means the insurance company already has a contract to work with the treatment facility. It is possible that some policies will cover addiction treatment in full.
More Information About Meth Addiction Treatment in the Glendale, Arizona Area
At SpringBoard Arizona, we want to help people from Glendale recover from meth addiction. We know that there are many people out there that may not know where to turn to for help. We can put together the right treatment plan for everyone.
We offer inpatient rehab and detox services for anyone who wants to get clean. SpringBoard Arizona can make a difference. If you or a loved one need help, please contact us today.