There are many people in Scottsdale, Arizona that may be facing the difficulties of methamphetamine (meth) addiction. Rehab is available to help them, and this area has some of the best substance abuse treatment facilities. No person needs to face addiction alone.
Scottsdale is the fifth largest city in the state. Scottsdale is part of Maricopa County. Maricopa County is the United States’ fourth-most populous county. More than half the people who live in Arizona live in Maricopa county. Meth addiction is a common issue.
Meth can be extremely dangerous. It can cause many side effects and long-term health problems. The side effects may end when someone stops using, but some of the health problems can show up later in life. Going to a rehab program in Scottsdale can be a life-changing decision.
Meth Use Statistics For Scottsdale, Arizona
Meth use is not a small issue in the United States. A report from the CDC says that from 2015-2018 an average of 1.6 million adults used meth at least once during the year. A shocking 52.9% of those people reported having a meth use disorder. The 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health states that 2 million people in the United States aged 12 and older used meth at least once during 2019.
The Maricopa County Office of the Medical Examiner 2019 annual report shows there were over 600 overdose deaths involving Meth. That number has grown each year since 2015. The Arizona Department of Health Services lists all hospitalizations and emergency room visits caused by drug use for each county.
- In 2018 there were 12,838 hospitalizations from amphetamine use in Maricopa County
- In 2018 there were 9,183 emergency room visits from amphetamine use in Maricopa County
A report that was released by the Arizona Substance Abuse Partnership states that the price of meth went down by 58% between 2015 and 2019. Law enforcement at the federal, state, and local levels have seen a significant increase in meth seized from 2015 to 2019 – 342%.
- 3,574 kilograms collected in 2015
- 4,939 kilograms collected in 2016
- 6,400 kilograms collected in 2017
- 11,988 kilograms collected in 2018
- 15,791 kilograms collected in 2019
What is Meth?
Methamphetamine is a very addictive stimulant. Meth increases the amount of dopamine released in the brain. Dopamine is released when your brain is expecting a reward, a large amount of dopamine released at once can bring a feeling of euphoria. Meth’s ability to rapidly release large levels of dopamine promotes drug use, making someone want to repeat meth use.
Meth can be found as a pill or white powder. Crystal meth looks like pieces of glass or shiny blue-white rocks. Meth can be injected with a syringe, swallowed, smoked, or snorted. There are a lot of street names for meth:
- Go fast
- Stove top
The History of Meth
Scientists developed manmade amphetamines as an alternative to ephedra. An extract from the ephedra plant has been used in Chinese medicine for over 5000 years. A Japanese chemist named Nagai Nagayoshi uncovered the active ingredient of the plant in 1885. It is a stimulant called ephedrine.
In 1893 methamphetamine was first made from another stimulant. The purpose was to treat narcolepsy and asthma. It was also used as a weight loss drug. During World War II it was used by both sides to keep soldiers awake. After the war, the use of meth increased drastically. In the 1950s and 1960s it was used as a medication for obesity and depression.
How Meth is Made
Meth is often created by altering the pseudoephedrine in cold medicine. Other ingredients can be toxic household chemicals. Cooking meth can be very dangerous.
The Danger of a Meth Lab
Individuals, often users, operate meth labs using common household equipment and chemicals. Meth labs have been found in various locations like apartments, barns, and sheds. Making meth creates a lot of toxic waste.
Waste dumped from meth labs exposes people to toxic chemicals. Often family members of those making meth and first responders are injured when they enter the lab. Exposure to the toxic chemicals can cause:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Lack of coordination
- Burns to the skin, eyes, nose, mouth
The Effects of Meth
Meth has many health effects both in the short-term and in the long-term.
- Decreased appetite
- Faster breathing
- Increased physical activity and wakefulness
- Irregular or rapid heartbeat
- Increased blood pressure and body temperature
- Extreme weight loss
- Intense itching, can lead to sores from scratching
- Sleeping problems
- Changes in brain structure
- Severe dental problems
- Violent behavior
Meth and Parkinson’s Disease
There are studies that suggest that meth users are twice as likely to develop Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease affects 7 to 10 million people worldwide. Early symptoms include motor skill problems, including walking. Later symptoms include cognitive and behavioral problems and dementia.
Meth use damages the brain cells involved in the transport of dopamine. This causes changes in the brain not unlike that of Parkinson’s disease. Meth users can develop this problem even if they quit using.
Meth Use and HIV
Meth use by injection raises the risk of getting HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. Reusing contaminated syringes and needles spread the diseases. It has been shown that Meth use worsens the progression of HIV. In animal studies, meth increases viral replication. Meth users with HIV show more cognitive impairment than those who did not have an addiction.
Signs of Meth Use in Tempe, Arizona
If more than one or two of these signs are noticeable it is likely someone has a meth addiction.
Psychological Signs of Meth Addiction
Meth floods the brain with dopamine, triggering a euphoric sensation. Dopamine does more than make someone feel pleasure. Dopamine also affects learning abilities and memory. Addicts can show signs of not being able to learn new skills.
Meth addicts can also experience psychosis. Psychosis is a mental condition where someone has lost contact with reality. When someone is experiencing psychosis, they may hallucinate. They can not tell what is real and what is not.
Physical Signs of Meth Addiction
There are some distinct physical signs of meth use which include:
- Twitching, jerky movements
- Repetitive behavior (compulsively cleaning or taking apart objects and putting them back together repeatedly)
- Dilated pupils
- Burns on lips or fingers
- Rapid eye movements
- Outbursts and agitation
- Exaggerated mannerisms
- Talking constantly
- Intense scratching
- Rotting teeth
- Acne or sores
- Reduced appetite
Meth Detox Programs in the Scottsdale Area
Attending a detox treatment program is the first part of addiction treatment. Detoxification refers to the process of treating withdrawal symptoms as a substance completely leaves the body. Common withdrawal symptoms of meth addiction include depression, anxiety, and tiredness. A study done showed that psychotic symptoms lasted for a week in those of the study group who had used meth. Meth cravings can last at least five weeks.
Types of Detox Programs
There are a few different types of detox treatments available for those who want help to stop using meth. Treatment types include:
Medical detox- Medical detox uses medical supervision to monitor withdrawal symptoms. In this setting, medications can be given to avoid some symptoms. Professionals are also able to handle any severe withdrawal symptoms that may occur.
Holistic detox– A Holistic detox approach uses natural methods to help someone. The method combines nutritional therapy, emotional support, and exercise programs to assist recovery. Many people detoxing from meth addictions do not have healthy bodies.
Medication assisted treatment- Medication assisted treatment combines medication and behavioral therapy. This treatment usually uses FDA-approved medications that do not create a euphoric reaction. There are no FDA-approved medications specifically for meth addiction, but other medications can help with some of the symptoms.
Meth Addiction Rehab Options in Scottsdale, Arizona
Rehab is the next step after detox. As mentioned before, the physical cravings for meth can last much longer than the detox period. The focus during rehab is on the psychological part of the addiction. Understanding the reasons behind drug use is necessary to break habits. The best place to explore therapy options is at an inpatient drug and alcohol rehab center.
Inpatient Meth Rehab
Inpatient treatment centers have a variety of treatment options available to those who want to recover from meth addictions. A variety of therapy options are able to be used. Patients live in the facility with support at all hours of the day or night.
The amount of time a person stays in rehab is based on the severity of the addiction. The most common length of inpatient rehab is twenty-eight days. Patients may be able to stay longer at some facilities, if it is needed.
Types of Addiction Therapy
The course of therapy treatment is based on the needs of each individual. Professional therapists will find the most effective treatment for each person. Some types of therapy are:
- The Matrix Model– The Matrix Model was originally created for helping stimulant (meth and cocaine) abusers beat addictions. Patients are monitored for drug use by urine testing. The therapist is a teacher and a coach, reinforcing positive behavior change. Treatment pulls from other tested treatments including relapse prevention, family and group therapy, drug education, and self-help participation.
- Experiential Therapy- Experiential therapy tries to bring out deep inner lying problems through activities other than standard talk therapy. This works by engaging in activities to bring out emotions that could be attached to subconscious issues. Activities can include but are not limited to creating art such as painting or sculpting, hiking, dancing, and horseback riding.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy– Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps patients recognize negative thought patterns, stop the thoughts, and replace them with healthy thoughts. This focuses on the present rather than on memories and the past. CBT can be helpful for those that struggle with anxiety, depression, and need to improve self-control.
- Contingency Management- Contingency management reinforces abstinence by providing tangible rewards. These types of programs have been most effective with opioid and stimulant recovery patients. There are two types of contingency management, voucher-based, and prize incentives-based.
In voucher-based reinforcement, a patient gets a voucher that can be exchanged for goods or services with each drug-free urine sample. The voucher values increase over time. A drug-positive urine sample resets the voucher values back to the low point.
The prize incentive program is similar to the voucher-based but offers cash prizes instead of vouchers. When patients provide a clean urine or breath test, they can draw from a bowl of prizes worth $1-$100. Patients can also draw for attending counseling sessions. The number of draws starts with one and increases over time. Any unexcused absence or positive sample resets the draws to one chance.
- Dialectical Behavioral therapy– Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) helps an individual manage strong emotions or stressful situations in a healthy way. DBT was originally created to help those with borderline personality disorder. DBT includes one on one therapy, group therapy, and as-needed coaching over the phone.
Types of Outpatient Rehab
Outpatient rehab programs can be used if someone has finished inpatient treatment but feels that they need more therapy. During outpatient therapy, people can continue to work on the skills that were learned during inpatient therapy sessions. The longer an addict works on therapy the better chance they have to prevent a relapse. Types of outpatient programs include:
- Partial hospitalization programs- (PHPs) This type of program is the most intense outpatient program. It is sometimes called a day treatment program. These programs meet five to seven days a week for several hours a day. Afterward, the patient returns home.
- Intensive Outpatient Programs- (IOP) this style of outpatient treatment can be good for people who do not need round-the-clock monitoring but do need more than a once-a-week counseling session. IOPs usually meet three to four times a week for approximately three hours at a time. The primary focus is group therapy, but individual counseling is available.
- Traditional Outpatient Therapy- Patients can meet with a counselor once a week or several times a week depending on the amount of care they need. This is usually best for someone who has already been through more involved therapy and could still benefit from counseling sessions.
Meth Addiction Treatment Continuing Care
The National Institute on Drug Abuse says treatment that is less than 90 days is not very effective. One possibility is to go to a sober living home. In a sober living home, people live with other recovering addicts. They need to have a job to pay rent, food, and utility expenses. They are also required to go to outpatient therapy at a treatment center, it is not offered in the home.
Another option for continuing care would be a 12-step program. Programs like Narcotics Anonymous are peer-led support group meetings. There is no professional therapy, but it can help someone be accountable to stay drug-free.
Can Someone Overdose on Meth?
An overdose is when a person takes more than the recommended amount of a drug. If it was a mistake it is called an accidental overdose. If it was on purpose it can be called a deliberate or intentional overdose. Overdose symptoms can range from mild to severe.
Someone can overdose on meth. Milder symptoms of an overdose can include large, wide pupils, increased heart rate, and increased blood pressure. More dangerous overdose symptoms include:
- Chest pain
- Severe stomach pain
- Heart attack
- Coma or unresponsiveness
- Very high body temperature
- Kidney damage
If someone is experiencing a meth overdose and having a seizure, difficulty breathing or becoming violent, call 911 right away. Give them the following information if possible:
- How much of the drug was used
- How the drug was administered (smoked, snorted, injected)
- How long ago the person took the drug
- The person’s age and weight
Is Meth Inpatient Addiction Treatment Covered by Insurance?
Yes, insurance will cover some inpatient rehab costs. Some policies may cover all rehab costs. The Affordable Care Act passed into law in 2010, requires mental health and substance use disorders to be covered by insurance.
More Information About Meth Addiction Treatment Near Scottsdale, Arizona
At SpringBoard Arizona, we want to help people end their meth addiction. We know that getting help can be a difficult choice. We can put together the right treatment plan for everyone. We offer inpatient rehab and detox services for anyone who wants to get clean. If you or a loved one need help, please contact us today.