Methamphetamine (meth) addiction is on the rise in the United States and suburbs like Surprise, AZ see the effects of that every day. There is a definite need for rehab in this part of the state. Meth is an addictive drug that can be very dangerous. It can have serious side effects that can lead to a potentially fatal overdose.
Meth is a drug that is often used to keep people awake. Students may take it to help them study or adults may take it to stay awake working on a big project. They may not know the cycle of ups and downs this can cause. It is important for people to know all about meth and understand what going to rehab involves.
Entering a methamphetamine rehab treatment program is a difficult decision but one that will be life-changing. This program will help the person get to the root of their addiction, thereby dealing with all sides of the addiction, physical and psychological. They will learn how to be prepared to live without the drug and get tools for success. As an inpatient rehab facility in Arizona, our goal is to help the Surprise community learn about meth and its available treatment options.
Surprise, AZ Statistics for Meth Abuse and Addiction
Surprise is one of the several cities in Maricopa County that have experienced an increase in drug abuse. Meth is one of the top drugs that the Maricopa County Medical Examiner’s Office reported as being the most involved in drug overdoses.
According to the Maricopa County government website, the following statistics were reported:
- There were 1,078 deaths from drug overdoses in 2019.
- Most of these involved meth, opioids or alcohol.
- 91% involved more than one drug.
- 92% were accidental, according to the medical examiner.
- The age group 35-44 had the most overdoses.
- 73% of males and 27% of females made up the overdose deaths.
- This was the overdose breakdown among ethnicities:
- 62% Non-Hispanic White
- 23% Hispanic or Latino
- 7% Black or African American
- 3% American Indian or Alaska Native
- 1% Asian or Pacific Islander
- 4% unknown/Other
The Surprise community has a big need for meth treatment. There are a variety of options available to people who need help with an addiction to meth.
What is Methamphetamine?
Methamphetamine (meth) is in the stimulant class of drugs. These drugs affect the central nervous system. It a strong euphoria and makes the user stay awake for long periods of time. They believe that using this drug will keep them going and going. This is common among meth users and is usually what will begin their cycle of abuse.
Meth is a man-made drug. It is made of a mixture of various chemicals mixed with different types of amphetamine. The meth “cook” oftentimes will use ingredients removed from common cold pills, such as Sudafed, and mix those with different toxic chemicals that are not typically for human consumption. These could include antifreeze, lantern fuel, drain cleaner, or battery acid. Meth labs in communities are dangerous because these chemicals are explosive and can blow up at any point in the cooking process.
There are different ways in which meth is available, but most commonly it comes in powder form or a pill. Sometimes it is made as crystal meth, which is a clear or white shiny rock. Meth is made most often in the US or Mexico. There are big, illegal labs called “superlabs” that make this drug in bulk quantities. Those who use meth use it in one of the following ways:
- Injecting with a needle
- Snorting up the nose
- Swallowing a pill
Meth is labeled as a Schedule II substance under the Controlled Substances Act. This means that using it could cause severe dependence both physically and psychologically and the potential for abuse is high. This drug is also labeled as dangerous. Desoxyn is the only legal form of this drug. This is used to treat obesity, ADHD and some forms of narcolepsy.
Because meth is illegal, buyers and sellers have given it different nicknames to avoid getting attention from law enforcement. Some of the street names for meth are:
- Bikers Coffee
- Stove Top
How Does Meth Effect the User?
Being a stimulant, meth affects the central nervous system, as previously stated. It releases high levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine into the pleasure center of the brain. This teaches the brain to repeat the things it finds pleasurable. For someone who uses meth, this is often found by the rush they feel from smoking or injecting it. It can also be achieved by getting high, which is longer than a rush. This lasts for many hours.
Meth can cause many side effects, short and long-term. The euphoria usually overshadows the side effects during the high they are experiencing.
Meth use can cause these short-term side effect:
- Euphoria or rush
- Bizarre, erratic and/or violent behavior
- High body temperature
- High blood pressure
- Loss of appetite
- Convulsions and/or seizures
- Increased physical activity
- Increased respiration
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Being wide-awake/decreased fatigue
Using meth over an extended period of time can cause harmful, long-lasting effects. Some of these can cause damage to the user that is often irreversible.
The long-term effects from continued meth can be:
- Liver, kidney and/or lung damage
- High blood pressure. This can lead to heart attack, stroke or death
- Malnourished and/or weight loss
- Heart and brain blood vessel damage
- For those who sniff – damage to nose tissue
- For those who smoke – problems with breathing
- For those who inject – abscesses and increased risk for infectious diseases
- Apathy (lacking emotion)
- Brain damage similar to Alzheimer’s, stroke and epilepsy
What Does Meth Addiction Look Like?
There may be a number of different reasons for people to start using meth. Whether it’s to help them stay awake or because of peer pressure, once someone starts using meth, it can be difficult to stop. Many users experience some of the same stages of meth use. Those are described as the following:
- The rush – Usually felt by a smoker or an injector, they have a racing heartbeat, high blood pressure and their metabolism skyrockets. This phase can go on for 30 minutes.
- The high – Referred to as “the shoulder”; the user gets argumentative as they feel smarter and smarter. They tend to interrupt a lot and focus on seemingly insignificant things. This phase can last more than half a day, up to 16 hours.
- The binge – The user wants to be able to keep their high so they take more meth, causing mental and physical hyperactivity. Every use of the drug causes each rush to become smaller and smaller until they feel no more rush. This can continue for 3-15 days.
- Tweaking – When the meth no longer gives the user the rush or high they want, they feel empty and crave it. They experience effects from this, such as losing their identity and feeling like bugs are crawling under their skin causing itchiness. This phase can cause them to be awake for several days at a time, seeing and hearing things that are not there. They can become a danger to themself or others.
- The crash – This is when their body will shut down and they will sleep. This can last for 1-3 days.
- Meth hangover – They will feel broken, hungry, dehydrated and exhausted (mentally, physically and emotionally). These feelings can tend to stir up the addiction. They feel like the only way to end these feelings is by using more meth. This can continue for 2-14 days.
- Withdrawal – Within 24 hours after they last use meth, withdrawal can kick in. It can be very hard to go through and can cause many users to relapse.
Signs of Meth Addiction
If someone thinks they have a friend or family with an addiction, there are some things to look for. The following are common signs of addiction:
- Taking risks to get or use the drug
- Isolating from friends and family
- Passing up activities that were enjoyed before
- Keeping some of the drug hidden in secret places all the time
- Withdrawal symptoms beginning when the drug leaves their system
- Building a tolerance for the drug – needing more and more of it to experience the same effect.
- Track marks on the arms (for those who inject)
What are the Meth Withdrawal Symptoms?
When a meth user has built up their tolerance and dependency for the drug because of using it for so long, any time they cut back on it will induce withdrawal. These are physical and psychological symptoms that are difficult to go through. They are hard for anyone to handle on their own. The symptoms alone are not life-threatening but they can cause the person to become a threat to themself while in withdrawal.
The following are some common meth withdrawal symptoms :
- Lack of energy
- Cravings for meth
- Weight gain
- Changes in appetite
- Weakening muscles
- Difficulties concentrating
- Suicidal thoughts
Can a Person Quit Meth Cold-Turkey?
While it is possible for someone to quit meth on their own, without going to a rehab treatment program, it is very hard. The withdrawal symptoms can become severe and the person can become suicidal. Because of this, they should have supervision to keep them safe. This supervision can also help keep them from relapsing to stop their symptoms.
Many drug addicts find themselves in a pattern of quitting and relapsing, over and over. They finally make the choice to either quit for good or go on one last binge. Unfortunately, for a meth user this last binge could be fatal. Not only do they run the risk of overdose, but their potential for suicide is very high.
They would be safer if they were in an inpatient rehab program. There would be professionals who could help “talk them off the ledge” and get them through that really difficult withdrawal stage. This would help them have a better chance of success.
Signs of Meth Overdose
Unfortunately, meth overdoses happen far too often. When someone overdoses on meth, it is a medical emergency. An overdose is something that can be cared for but without treatment, it will not resolve on its own. Call 911 right away if a person is showing signs of a meth overdose.
- High body temperature
- Irregular heartbeat
- Chest pain/stroke/heart attack
- Stomach pain
- Breathing problems
- Kidney damage/failure
Surprise, AZ Meth Rehabilitation Facilities
The Surprise area has many rehab options for meth users. Each program is designed for different purposes and not all programs will work for every person’s addiction needs.
- Meth Detox: Detox removes harmful toxins that build up in a person’s body caused by the drugs. Many people go through this step first to prepare for rehab. Meth addicts will go through detox to help them through withdrawal to help keep them safe from self-harm.
- Inpatient Rehab: The person will check into a 24-hour treatment facility with a high level of care. The stay here is usually around 28 days and therapy will begin while here.
- Long-Term Rehab: Sometimes, the traditional inpatient stay is not long enough. Long-term rehab could last for several months, depending on the person’s needs.
- Intensive Outpatient Programs: Intensive outpatient programs, or IOPs, are high-level outpatient programs. The expectation is that the person would attend 3 to 5 evening appointments per week for 12 weeks. IOPs are not very flexible and are not very popular because of this.
- Partial Hospitalization Programs: Partial hospitalization programs, or PHPs, are another outpatient program. These are more strict than IOPs with appointments during the day. These appointments are usually five days a week for several hours a day.
- Traditional Outpatient Rehab: Usually a good follow-up program, patients attend therapy 1-3 times a week.
Meth Addiction Treatment: Aftercare
Much of rehab is helping a person learn new behaviors and attitudes. Their whole way of life has to be relearned without meth. They have a lot to face after they leave rehab and their program will give them good tools for dealing with life after rehab.
Aftercare education can be very beneficial to a meth addict. Some of the things they can be taught are:
- Discussing their addiction with family and friends
- Identifying triggers and learning how to avoid them
- Managing cravings
- Dealing with relapse
- Recognizing temptation and learning how to resist it
Meth addiction recovery can often continue with a step-down process. While it is different for everyone, it is often some form of outpatient rehab. Some may need the care of an IOP while others can be in a traditional outpatient program. Most of the time, many people can piggyback treatment with support group meetings. Two choices would be Narcotics Anonymous and SMART Recovery. Any plan that is chosen would be helpful provided they stay the course and work their whole program.
Does Insurance Cover Meth Detox and Rehab?
The cost of rehab is previously something that could seem out of reach for people to pay for. It is something that could give people pause when they consider reaching out for help. However, insurance coverage has changed in the past several years and is making meth addiction rehab easier to afford.
A majority of people in the United States have health insurance coverage. This is good news for anyone who needs treatment. In 2010, the Affordable Care Act required insurance companies to provide coverage for those who need rehab. And, it could cover a pretty large portion of it, if not all of it.
Not all policies are the same. Because of this, each person should contact their insurance representative to learn more about what their coverage is. There could be particular copays or deductibles associated with rehab that they need to be aware of. However, rehab has become much easier to afford. Hopefully, this means more people can get the help they need.
The Inpatient Rehab Program at SpringBoard Arizona
We have an excellent inpatient rehab at SpringBoard Arizona. We have detox programs for meth addiction, as well as rehab and therapy. Our caring staff members are well-trained and knowledgeable in different, specific areas in order to serve our patients’ needs.
We understand that everyone gets to recovery differently. Our treatment plans have the needs of the individual in mind and take individual addictions into account. Our goal is to walk each person through recovery.
More Information About Meth Addiction and Inpatient Rehab in Surprise, Arizona
At SpringBoard Arizona, we know the difficulties that come from trying to recover from meth addiction. People in the Surprise area need to know that there is help available to them. Hope is not lost.
If you need help with a meth addiction or if you know someone who needs help with a meth addiction, we are here to help. If you live in the Surprise area and need more information about meth addiction treatment, we want to talk to you. We would like to tell you how helpful inpatient addiction treatment can be.
If you have further questions about inpatient meth treatment in Surprise, we are here to help. Please contact us today.